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The Spatial Variation of Mugil cephalus in the Negombo Estuary in Relation to Physico-chemical Parameters

Authors:

B. R. C. Mendis ,

University of Colombo, LK
About B. R. C.
PhD Student, Faculty of Graduate Studies
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M. M. M. Najim,

South Eastern University of Sri Lanka, LK
About M. M. M.
Vice Chancellor
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H. M. P. Kithsiri,

National Aquatic Resources Research and Development Agency, LK
About H. M. P.
Deputy Director General (Research and Development)
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Lahiru Udayangana

University of Wayamba, LK
About Lahiru
Lecturer, Department of Agriculture
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Abstract

Analysis of physico - chemical parameters gives an insight to the spatial distribution of Mugil cephalus in Negombo estuary. The present study was carried out to the spatial distribution of Mugil cephalus that is governed by the physico - chemical parameters in bottom overlying surface water in Negombo estuary, Sri Lanka. Samplings at selected sites were done during one year study period from January 2017 to December 2017. During this study, fish (Mugil cephalus) and water samples were collected at Sea mouth, Duwa, Pitipana, Munnakkaraya, Dungalpitya, Dandugam Oya and Katunayake sites. Physico - chemical parameters such as the water temperature, salinity, pH, DO, electrical conductivity, BOD, COD and nutrients levels in the bottom overlying water were measured and analyzed using employing standards methods. The results revealed that salinity, pH, EC, BOD and nutrient levels were below the maximum permissible limits of the discharge industrial wastewater quality standards of the Central Environmental Authority (CEA), Sri Lanka. The COD levels were higher than the permissible threshold limits. The seasonality in the physico - chemical levels of water were observed with a peak period from May/June and October/November, which apparently coincided with the inter monsoonal periods of the island.
How to Cite: Mendis, B. R. C., Najim, M. M. M., Kithsiri, H. M. P., & Udayangana, L. (2020). The Spatial Variation of Mugil cephalus in the Negombo Estuary in Relation to Physico-chemical Parameters. Colombo Journal of Multi-disciplinary Research, 5(1-2), 41–66. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cjmr.v5i1-2.54
Published on 28 Dec 2020.
Peer Reviewed

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